Cutting processes for Fabrications


Sheet metal fabrication is all about forming, shaping, and unifying of the metal to make something useful out of it. There are several tools and techniques that facilitate the process. In this article, we will talk about the basic techniques of sheet metal fabrication that are used to form metal-based end products.

Gas cutting - Oxy-fuel gas cutting is a thermal cutting process that uses oxygen and fuel gas (such as acetylene, propane, MAPP, propylene and natural gas) to cut through materials. The oxyfuel process is the most widely applied industrial thermal cutting process because it can cut thicknesses from 0.5mm to 250mm, the equipment is low cost and can be used manually or mechanised. There are several fuel gas and nozzle design options that can significantly enhance performance in terms of cut quality and cutting speed. To know more about Oxyfuel gas cutting process -

Laser cutting - Laser cutting is mainly a thermal process in which a focused laser beam is used to melt material in a localised area. A co-axial gas jet is used to eject the molten material and create a kerf. A continuous cut is produced by moving the laser beam or workpiece under CNC control. Click here to know more about fiber laser machine -

Plasma cutting - Plasma cutting is the process by which highly energized molecules can be harnessed to economically cut a variety of alloys in a range of sizes and thickness. This method of manufacturing is often found on factory floors that prepare metal components, such as those made out of aluminum or titanium, but is known for being versatile in potential. Unlike flame cutting, plasma cutting reliably and precisely processes many different materials. Click here to know more about plasma cutting machine -

Water Jet - This method is mostly favoured for metals that don’t go well with heat. Under this method, a highly concentrated jet of water cuts through the metal to get the desired shape. The water is often mixed with abrasive compounds to ease the process of cutting metals.

Punch - Another much employed method of cutting metals, punch involves the use of extreme pressure to force sharp blades into the metal and cut them. Though it might sound similar to manual cutting of metals, machines are capable of putting much more force than humans and therefore, are able to cut heavier metals at a rapid speed. It’s one of the most productive methods of cutting metals.

Grinding - Grinding is preferred for doing high quality jobs when the surface of the metal requires to be smooth and polished. In this method, a grinding machine is used, which consists of an abrasive wheel. Friction is used to wear down the surface of the metal to get the desired finishing of the product.

Milling - Milling is the most common form of machining, a material removal process, which can create a variety of features on a part by cutting away the unwanted material. The milling process requires a milling machine, workpiece, fixture, and cutter. Milling is typically used to produce parts that are not axially symmetric and have many features, such as holes, slots, pockets, and even three dimensional surface contours.

Sawing -  Sawing is a process wherein a narrow slit is cut into the workpiece by a tool consisting of a series of narrowly spaced teeth, called a saw blade. Sawing is used to separate work parts into two or more pieces, or to cut off an unwanted section of a part.

Shearing - The shearing process is performed on a shear machine, often called a squaring shear or power shear, that can be operated manually (by hand or foot) or by hydraulic, pneumatic, or electric power. A typical shear machine includes a table with support arms to hold the sheet, stops or guides to secure the sheet, upper and lower straight-edge blades, and a gauging device to precisely position the sheet. The sheet is placed between the upper and lower blade, which are then forced together against the sheet, cutting the material.

Drilling - Drilling is a cutting process that uses a drill bit to cut a hole of circular cross-section in solid materials. Instead, the hole is usually made by hammering a drill bit into the hole with quickly repeated short movements.


Messer Cutting Systems is a global supplier of cutting edge technology. The company offers products and services for the metalworking industry which set standards world-wide. As market leader in its branch, the machine manufacturer supplies complete solutions and concentrates strategically on advising its customers and customer oriented innovation. Here, the company focusses on the digitalisation of processes and products. Messer Cutting Systems is represented with more than 800 employees in 5 main locations with production facilities and in more than 50 countries.

The product range includes oxyfuel, plasma and laser cutting systems from hand guided machines right up to special machines for shipbuilding as well as machines and equipment for oxyfuel welding, cutting, brazing, soldering and heating. Spare parts, repairs, modernisation, maintenance and service as well as environmental technology round out the product portfolio. In-house software solutions optimise production and business processes. The product range is extended by solutions from technology partners, for example in the field of automation.

An intensive dialogue with our customers has prime position – the modern training centre makes this claim clear. World-wide, Messer Cutting Systems is the partner of choice for cutting systems, oxyfuel technology and customer consultancy.